Sardinia is located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. It has a surface of about 24,090 km2 making it the second biggest island in the whole of the Mediterranean Sea. It is about 3 times bigger than Corsica and 7 times bigger than Majorca. The rhomboidal shape of the island explains the name that it was given by the Greeks: Ichnusa (Icnos = trace, footprint) and Sandaliotis (sandal). The Roman name Sardinae is supposed to come from the legendary Sardus, son of Hercules, who is believed to have brought a group of Libyans to the island.
Sardinia is not densely populated despite its large area, the inhabitants are only 1.7 million and a good 17% of the land is used for sheep breeding and agriculture. This figure is double that of the European average, this is because in Sardinia the number of sheep is almost double that of humans!
The island is hilly with the highest massif, Supramonte of the Gennargentu, right in the middle of the island. The highest summit is Punta La Marmora[nat 1834 m. The steep cliffs of the hills end in the sea on the western and eastern coasts, the fertile plains of the west or the fjords in the north are typical images of this very beautiful island.
"In Italy you won’t find what you find in Sardinia and in Sardinia you won’t find what you find in Italy".
This is what the natural scientist and Jesuit monk Francesco Cetti wrote while travelling trough Sardinia at the end of the 18th century .
Sardinian people place a great importance on traditions: this is because they have been struggling for centuries to protect themselves, their identities and their territories from the incursions of conquerors. The history of Sardinia tells us how its people have always fought against the invasions of the main empires in the Mediterranean area. Despite being on an island, Sardinians did not spend much of their time on the coast, as these were often occupied by invaders. They would rather build cities and work in the countryside. In the inner part of the island they developed an economy based on animal breeding (especially sheep) and agriculture.
Sardinia has so much to offer! Main tourist attractions include beautiful beaches, amazing mountains, charming towns and villages, all around the 1850 km coastline, as well as the crystal clear sea water, which is some of the least polluted in the Mediterranean sea . Many of the archaeological sites are evidence of the presence on the island of the first prehistoric villages as well as the geographical and strategic importance of Sardinia inside the basin of the Mediterranean sea.
Among the interesting archaeological finds in Sardinia we certainly have to mention the Domus de Janas – ancient tombs carved in the rocks – and the Nuraghes, which are the most astonishing buildings of human ancient history after the pyramids, and the most peculiar of Sardinian history. Giant Tombs, sacred wells, Phoenician-Punic-Roman trade centres and Christian churches, the wealth of the medieval period and the remains of the Spanish domination are also to be found on the island.
Old traditions, wild and untouched nature, breath-taking landscapes co-exist in Sardinia and make it so unique. So come and let yourself be charmed by this enchanting island, a true paradise for nature lovers and sea kayakers alike.